What should a normal PSA value be?

The upper limit of normal PSA value is now accepted as “2.5 ng/ml”. Previously, this value was accepted as 4 ng/ml. However, some studies showed that if the values lower than 4 ng/ml are accepted as normal, a considerable number of prostate cancers will be overlooked. In fact, no value is totally innocent. Even with a PSA value below 1, there is a possibility of prostate cancer. However, as the percentage of these incidences is low and to make a diagnosis with these values, high numbers of normal people will need to have unnecessary biopsies, today, the limit is considered to be 2.5 ng/ml, which is a reasonable value.

What are the symptoms of prostate diseases?

The size of the prostate enlarges with age. Due to the enlargement of the prostate, the urinary canal (urethra) gets pinched and urinary complaints occur.

The complaints of prostate diseases are grouped under two headings. The first one is related to the storage function of the bladder (urinary bladder). These complaints result from the decrease in the urine storage function of the urinary bladder, and usually appear as frequent urination, burning during urination, frequent waking up at night for urination, urgent need to urinate, and urinary incontinence before reaching the toilet.

Who should have prostate control?

In our country, we recommend that healthy men over 50 with no risks for or complaints of prostate diseases should have prostate control once a year. In countries like the USA, where prostate cancer is common (especially in Afro-American men), this age limit is much lower.

What is PSA?

PSA is a protein, found in blood, that is secreted by only the prostate gland. Contrary to popular belief, high PSA mostly does not make people sick. However, high PSA shows us, the doctors, that there is an extraordinary situation in the patient’s prostate and that we need to examine it more closely.