What are the types of kidney stones?

There are various types of stones with different chemical structures. Urinary system stones get different names according to these substances that make them up. These are:

Calcium stones,
Uric acid stones,
Cystine stones,
Struvite stones, and
other stones different from these common stone types.

Some stones may contain several chemical structures at the same time.

Is it possible to determine the type of kidney stone?

The type of kidney stone and the risk of a person for developing stones can be determined. With a metabolic evaluation and the analysis of the stone, removed by surgery or dropped naturally, it is possible to determine the risk. The formation of the stones can be reduced by regulating eating habits and, if necessary, by drug supplementation.


Which methods are used in the treatment of stones?

The treatment of the stone disease depends on many factors such as the location, largeness, and the type of the stone. For the stones that are too large to be dropped naturally, surgical methods or, if the stone is suitable, the method of externally breaking down stones with shock wave therapy (ESWL) is used.

Medicinal treatment is used to facilitate the falling of stones small enough to fall and to solve the patient’s pain and infection problems. It is possible to shrink some rare stones with medication, however, medicational treatments do not make any difference in most of them. On the other hand, there are some treatments to prevent or retard the formation of stones.