What are the symptoms of stone disease?

Kidney stones may be present in the kidneys with no symptoms for many years. When these stones move and fall into the ureter (urinary tract), they may cause quite severe symptoms and a hard situation. These symptoms include:

Severe flank pain under the ribs
Pain expanding to the lower abdomen and groin
Pain that comes in waves and varies in intensity
Painful urination
Pink, red, or brown urine
Cloudy or smelly urine
Nausea and vomiting
Inability to relax after urination
Frequent urination in small volumes
Fever and chills if there is an infection


Is it possible to determine the type of kidney stone?

The type of kidney stone and the risk of a person for developing stones can be determined. With a metabolic evaluation and the analysis of the stone, removed by surgery or dropped naturally, it is possible to determine the risk. The formation of the stones can be reduced by regulating eating habits and, if necessary, by drug supplementation.


Which methods are used in the treatment of stones?

The treatment of the stone disease depends on many factors such as the location, largeness, and the type of the stone. For the stones that are too large to be dropped naturally, surgical methods or, if the stone is suitable, the method of externally breaking down stones with shock wave therapy (ESWL) is used.

Medicinal treatment is used to facilitate the falling of stones small enough to fall and to solve the patient’s pain and infection problems. It is possible to shrink some rare stones with medication, however, medicational treatments do not make any difference in most of them. On the other hand, there are some treatments to prevent or retard the formation of stones.