Although varicocele operations are very rare, there are risks such as the formation of fluid around the testicle (hydrocele), recurrence of varicocele, injury to the arteries, or testicular atrophy.
Although these risks are observed at different rates according to the surgical method used, they are seen less in microsurgical varicocelectomy.
Varicocele generally does not show any symptoms. But, it may sometimes cause pain in the testicle.
The intensity of the varicocele pain increases with physical exercises and standing for long times. It tends to increase later in the day and decreases when you lie down and rest. Varicocele progresses and becomes evident in the scrotum over time.
Although there is no clearly defined reason for varicocele, it is thought to be caused by the malfunction of the valves in the veins of the testicle. As a result of the malfunction of these valves, the veins enlarge, and the venous blood accumulates in and around the testicle, which may lead to poor sperm quality or count.
Due to the position of the left testicle vein, varicocele is generally seen on the left side. However, it is known that unilateral varicocele may disrupt sperm production in both testicles.