Kidney stones may be formed for many reasons. When the concentrations of crystal-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid increase in the urine, these substances form precipitation and these precipitated minerals combine to form stones, just as in nature.
The type of kidney stone and the risk of a person for developing stones can be determined. With a metabolic evaluation and the analysis of the stone, removed by surgery or dropped naturally, it is possible to determine the risk. The formation of the stones can be reduced by regulating eating habits and, if necessary, by drug supplementation.
The treatment of the stone disease depends on many factors such as the location, largeness, and the type of the stone. For the stones that are too large to be dropped naturally, surgical methods or, if the stone is suitable, the method of externally breaking down stones with shock wave therapy (ESWL) is used.
Medicinal treatment is used to facilitate the falling of stones small enough to fall and to solve the patient’s pain and infection problems. It is possible to shrink some rare stones with medication, however, medicational treatments do not make any difference in most of them. On the other hand, there are some treatments to prevent or retard the formation of stones.