In the treatment of prostate cancer, one or a combination of surgical treatments (open or robot-assisted), radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy can be applied, considering how far the disease has progressed and the age of the patient.
Since prostate cancer is a type of cancer with very satisfactory results when diagnosed early, all men over 50 should undergo control by a urologist once a year, even if they have no complaints. For diagnosis, the measurement of the PSA level, which is a protein secreted by the prostate, and rectal prostate examination with fingers are of great importance.
The size of the prostate enlarges with age. Due to the enlargement of the prostate, the urinary canal (urethra) gets pinched and urinary complaints occur.
The complaints of prostate diseases are grouped under two headings. The first one is related to the storage function of the bladder (urinary bladder). These complaints result from the decrease in the urine storage function of the urinary bladder, and usually appear as frequent urination, burning during urination, frequent waking up at night for urination, urgent need to urinate, and urinary incontinence before reaching the toilet.
In our country, we recommend that healthy men over 50 with no risks for or complaints of prostate diseases should have prostate control once a year. In countries like the USA, where prostate cancer is common (especially in Afro-American men), this age limit is much lower.
PSA is a protein, found in blood, that is secreted by only the prostate gland. Contrary to popular belief, high PSA mostly does not make people sick. However, high PSA shows us, the doctors, that there is an extraordinary situation in the patient’s prostate and that we need to examine it more closely.