The testosterone is converted into estrogen by getting broken down by the aromatase enzyme, especially found in the adipose tissue in the body. Reducing the amount of fatty tissue in the body by losing weight increases testosterone levels. Moreover, foods and food supplements that reduce the activity of aromatase enzyme breaking down the testosterone in the body also help to reduce testosterone levels in the body.
It regulates the sexual drive (libido) and affects the sexual functions. The erection of the penis is significantly affected by the testosterone levels. It also influences bone mass (density), body fat distribution, muscle mass and strength, red blood cells, and sperm production.
Testosterone is also produced in the ovaries of women. It is considered that testosterone regulates sexual desire in women as well, and has significant impacts on bone density. The amount of testosterone in women are quite less than in men.